Implants and Biomaterials, 6 hp HL2005 

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Pacemakers, NyTeknik 20101227DBS electrode current simulationSpinal coord stimulation. St Jude Medical

Reading instructions    Lecture material   

Old examinations   

 

Background

Implants play an increasing role in health care especially for an aging population where the biological machinery has been worn down. In Sweden around 90 000 artificial lenses 7000 hip prostheses and 6000 pacemakers are implanted on a yearly basis. The aim of the course is to give an overview of current implants and the special technological and clinical prerequisites that apply for these.

Contents

Passive Implants

Passive implants do not contain an energy source such as hip and breast prostheses.




Biomaterials for implants

Biomaterials for use in implants must meet strict requirements. In addition to exhibiting a good biological interaction biomaterials have to withstand the harsh chemical environment in the body.

Lecturer Jianguo Li (PhD).


Passive heart and vascular implants.

The section deals with artificial heart valves and vascular grafts with respect to technology, clinical use and Avsnittet behandlar konstgjorda klaffar och kärlproteser och ger en överblick av modern teknik, klinik och dagens forskning.

Lecturer Göran Dellgren.

Aktive Implants

Active implants are implants depending on an energy source for their function. The implant can be used to treat or diagnose a disease, the pacemaker is the prime example of an active implant.




The artificial heart

The section is divided into two parts:1 The mechanics of the heart - a comparison with mechanical pumps presented by DR Stig Lundbäck who headed Astra's development of artificial hearts.;2 From left ventricualr assist devices to artificial hearts presented by Göran Dellgren, sectionleader of the thorax department at Sahlgrenska University Hospital


The pacemaker

Introduction to pacemakertechnology including basic electrophysiology of the heart and market aspects.

Lecturer Tobias Nyberg


Implantable stimulators and sensors

A basic overview of implantable electrical systems. The central theme is pacemaker related sensors.

LecturersTobias Nyberg och Nils Holmström.


Neural Interfaces

Neural interfaces are used in treatment of neurological disorders and in neural prosthetics to substitute a lost sensory or motoric function. We will cover commercial examples such as the cochlear implants and deep brain stimulation electrodes as well as future devices for visual and cognitive prosthetics.

Lecturer Tobias Nyberg

Lecturers

Tobias Nyberg, assistant professor, Neuronic Engineering, KTH, School of Technology and Health
Med dr Stig Lundbäck, Inovacor AB, former developmental leader for Astra's artificial heart project.
Tekn. dr. Nils Holmström, senior researcher St Jude Medical AB.
Docent Jianguo Li KI
Göran Dellgren, sectionleader of the thorax department at Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Course Objectives:

Main Content:

 

Recommended litterature

BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE, 3 RD EDITION Buddy Ratner, Ph.D. Allan Hoffman, Sc.D. Frederick Schoen, M.D., Ph.D. Jack Lemons, Ph.D. ISBN: 9780123746269

Reading instructions

Compendium

Examination

Written examination. Old examination.

Course responsible

Tobias Nyberg
Phone: 08-790 4865

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